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CHAIN is a notion that derived from the notion of chain and meant to generalize chains and expletive-argument pairs. The notion CHAIN thus covers two cases: chains and expletive-argument pairs.


In (i) the expletive-argument pair (therei , a mani) which is not a chain, constitutes a CHAIN, because there binds a man and the pair behaves as a chain with regard to the visibility condition.

(i) Therei is a mani in the room


Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics


Chomsky, Noam A. 1986. Knowledge of language: its nature, origin and use. Praeger, New York.