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Central Saamic may be defined by the absence of typical features of the other branches rather than own innovations.
It agrees with Southern Saamic in the following (western) features:
- Development *š > *jh before k,t,n
- Development of "prothetic stops" in long nasals (with the exception of Sea Saami dialects of North Saami)
It agrees with Eastern Saamic in the following features:
- No split in the development of short stressed vowels according to the original openness or closeness of the syllable.
- Loss of third syllable final vowels
- Consonantal gradation is fully developed