In French, object pronouns are clitics which are either proclitics, as me and les in (i), or enclitics, as les in (ii):
(i) il me les a donnés
he to-me them has given 'he has given them to me'
(ii) donnez -les -moi
give -them -me 'give them to me'
(iii) il mei lesj a donnés ei ej
- proclitic (a clitic that precedes its host)
- enclitic (a clitic that follows its host)
- endoclitic, mesoclitic (a clitic that comes in the middle of its host)
A clitic can thus be regarded as a kind of bound morpheme. A typical clitic will attach itself to a host, that is, a (fully inflected) word or phrase. The observation that they can attach to inflected words distinguishes, among other things, clitics from affixes.
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