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Ethnologue, a publication of SIL International, is the most authoritative catalogue of human languages to date. It contains an ISO-standardised listing of 6,912 living known languages and their genealogical classification (following Frawley 2003), as well as a number of recently extinct ones.

Ethnologue appears both as a searchable web application and in written form.



  • Frawley, William. 2003. International encyclopedia of linguistics. 4 vols. Oxford: OUP.
  • Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.). 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Fifteenth edition. Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-159-X