Lexical category prominence
Lexical category prominence is a labeling rule proposed in Liberman & Prince (1977) to provide the nodes of a metrical tree (metrical phonology) with labels strong or weak expressing prominence in systems where uniform sw- or ws-labeling fails. It labels higher level constituents (i.e. feet (=F)) that consist of syllables. The main part of this labeling rule in English states that in a configuration [A B], B is labeled strong if and only if it branches.
Compare the following examples:
/ \ / \ Fs Fw Fw Fs /\ | / \ /\ s w | s w s w | | | | | | | hÃºrricÃ ne Ã chromÃ¡tic
The final foot of hurricane is labeled weak since it does not branch, while the final foot of achromatic is labeled strong since it branches.
- Hayes, B. 1981. A metrical theory of stress rules, PhD diss. MIT Cambridge, MA. Revised version distributed by IULC, published by Garland Press, New York, 1985.
- Liberman, M. and A. Prince 1977. On Stress and Linguistic Rhythm, Linguistic Inquiry 8, pp. 249-336
- Prince, A. 1983. Relating to the Grid, Linguistic Inquiry 14, pp.19-100