Skolt Saami

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Revision as of 17:19, 17 November 2012 by HDavidson (talk | contribs) (Info über Etymologie von Skolt und Einstellungen. Referencing needed?)
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Skolt Saami
Autoglottonym: Skoltsaamic
Pronunciation: [{{{Pronunciation}}}]
Ethnologue name: {{{Ethn15name}}}
OLAC name: {{{OLACname}}}
Location point: {{{WALSLoc}}}
Family: Uralic
Genus: {{{Genus}}}
Country: Finland, Norway and Russia
Official in: Not official
Speakers: {{{Speakers}}}
Writing system: {{{WritingSyst}}}
ISO 639-3: {{{ISO3}}}

Skolt Saami is one of the five Eastern Saamic languages which is still spoken nowadays. The name "skolt" is derived from the Scandinavian "skalle" meaning "scull", however the Skolt Saami people themselves prefer to be referred to as "Eastern Saami" since "Skolt" is perceived to be more negative. Skolt Saami, Inari Saami and Akkala Saami are spoken on the mainland and Kildin Saami and Ter Saami are peninsular languages. There are estimated to be about 330-340 speakers, with the majority of whom (about 300) living in Finland, with Russia (about 30 speakers) and Norway (with 3 speakers) the other two countries where it is spoken. Since the Skolt Saami populations are distributed over these three countries and not all Skolt Saami acquire the language, Skolt Saami is considered a minority language which is threatened by extinction. Almost all of its speakers are bilingual.

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