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Source is a one of the possible semantic roles of a verb, indicating the place or object where the movement expressed by the verb starts.


in John received a book from Mary Mary is the source of the movement of the book (the theme) to John (the goal).


Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics


  • Fillmore, C.J. 1968. The Case for Case, in: E. Bach & R.T. Harms (eds.) Universals In Linguistic Theory, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.
  • Gruber, J. 1965. Studies in lexical relations, doctoral dissertation, MIT
  • Jackendoff, R. 1990. Semantic Structures, Cambridge, MIT-Press.
  • Jackendoff, R. 1983. Semantics and cognition, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
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