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Typical features of Southern Saamic include:
- Preservation of word-final vowels in the third syllable.
- Splitting of original short stressed vowels according to the original openness or closeness of the syllable.
- Gemination of consonants after short stressed vowels, leading to the effect that consonantal gradation is reduced in Ume Saami and totally absent from South Saami.
- Heavy umlaut in the stressed syllable that was strongly phonologized by neutralization of unstressed short vowels.
In Ume Saami, contracted non-low vowels are raised in certain verb forms. In the illative singular, -je has analogically spread to all stem classes.