Stray adjunction is a universal convention by which extrametrical units are incorporated into the representation of stress. By convention the extrametrical unit is weak.
in English the final syllable of a noun is extrametrical. After foot construction and word tree construction, the extrametrical syllable is incorporated into the adjacent foot as a weak member by stray adjunction.
/\ /\ |
| s | s |
| /\ | /\ |
w s w w s w w
| | | | | |
ameri<ca> -> america
Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics
- Hayes, B. 1981. A metrical theory of stress rules, PhD diss. MIT Cambridge, MA. Revised version distributed by IULC, published by Garland Press, New York, 1985.
- Liberman, M. and A. Prince 1977. On Stress and Linguistic Rhythm, Linguistic Inquiry 8, pp. 249-336
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