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In Phonology, Apocope represents the cutting off or loss of one letter or more at the end of a word. In another term, it can be refer to the loss of any final sound from a word (e.g Campbell (2007)). It affect not just only for simplify a word, but also changes the way we pronounce it, as well as the sound it makes.


From Dictionary (e.g Merriam-Webster). The word "Apocope" comes from Greek word "ἀποκοπή" (apokopḗ) from "ἀποκόπτειν" (apokóptein) which means "cutting off". (apo-) is "away from" while (kóptein) is "to cut". Just like the definition is, either we cut some words or make it disappear.


Smyth (1956) sees in literature terms, Apocope is confined to poetry, but in the prose inscriptions of the dialects it is frequent. Apocope is basically a language techniques and functions in writing and speech. Sometimes we don't know anything nor applying in terms of familiarity. Usually we merge some word like do not to form don't, these are type of contracting the words. From the origin, apocope is the omission of one or more letters, sounds, or syllables from the end of a word. Its more simplify or even more recognizable and evolved. Apocope also appear in another language, not just an English.

Related Terms

Crowley (1997) summerized things similiar to Apocope:


In Popular places, we usually heard a place like (Gym, Zoo). Its actually an Apocope from (Gymnasium, Zoological Garden). In Society life, sometimes we have a friend with a long name, or that are quite difficult to pronounce. And we simplified like (Jackson > Jack), (Marcus > Marc), and many more.


From To
Photograph Photo
Advertisement Ad
Public House Pub
Laboratory Lab
Tobias Toby
Giorgino Gio
Alexander Alex
Lufu {Old English} Love
Primero {Spanish} Primer
Bueno {Spanish} Buen

Other Language

Greek : ἀποκοπή

Deutsch : Apokope

Spanish : Apócope


  • Campbell, Lyle (2007). Glossary of Historical Linguistics. Edinburgh University Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-7486-3019-6.
  • Crowley, Terry (1997). An Introduction to Historical Linguistics . 3rd edition. Oxford University Press.
  • Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Apocope. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary.
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1956). A Greek Grammar For Colleges. Revised Edition. p. 23. ISBN 978-0674362505