In the linguistics of Semitic languages, the term emphatic consonant is used as a synonym of pharyngealized consonant.
The phonetic property is also called emphasis (e.g. Lehn 1963). In the transcription, emphatic consonants are traditionally indicated by a dot below the consonant symbol. Non-emphatic consonants are called plain consonants.
- pharyngealized consonant
- velarized consonant
- Lehn, Walter. 1963. Emphasis in Cairo Arabic. Language 39.1:29-39.
- German emphatischer Konsonant