Preposition stranding

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A preposition is stranded if it doesn't move along with its complement.


in (i)a the preposition with is stranded.

(i) a Who did you speak with?
    b With who did you speak?

The example in (i)b shows the case where the preposition moves along with the wh-word (see Pied piping). Preposition-stranding is restricted: it cannot be applied to all prepositions, and it is impossible in at least French and Italian.


Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics


  • Haegeman, L. 1991. Introduction to Government and Binding Theory, Oxford, Blackwell.
  • Kayne, R. 1984. Connectedness and binary branching, Foris, Dordrecht