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Verbs which denote an activity may be combined with a predicate to render a so-called resultative interpretation:
(i) He smashed [the vase to pieces] (ii) They talked [him out of it] (iii) She washed [the dirt off her face] (iv) The gardener watered [the flowers flat]
The brackets in (i)-(iv) reflect the small clause analysis of resultative constructions. This analysis has not remained unchallenged.
- Carrier, J. & J.H. Randall 1992. The Argument Structure and Syntactic Structure of Resultatives, Linguistic Inquiry 23,
- Hoekstra, J. 1988. Small Clause Results, Lingua 74,