That-trace effect is the phenomenon that the complementizer (that) cannot be followed by a trace (except in relative clauses) in some languages (e.g. English). Thus, in languages showing the that-t(race) effect, a subject cannot be extracted when it follows that. This is shown by the contrast in (i) and (ii).
(i) who did you think [CP t' [C' e [IP t would win ]]] (ii) *who did you think [CP t' [C' that [IP t would win ]]]
As noted, the that-t effect is not a universal phenomenon. It is absent in e.g. Dutch, as shown by the fact that the Dutch translation of (ii) is grammatical:
(iii) wie denk je [CP t' [C' dat [IP t gewonnen heeft ]]]
- Chomsky, N. 1986b. Barriers, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
- Chomsky, N. 1981. Lectures on Government and Binding, Foris, Dordrecht.
- Chomsky, N. & H. Lasnik 1977. Filters and Control, Linguistic Inquiry 8-3, 425-504
- Kayne, R. 1984. Connectedness and binary branching, Foris, Dordrecht
- Perlmutter, D. 1971. Deep and Surface Structure Constraints in Syntax, Holt, Rinehart and Winston:New York.
- Pesetsky, D. 1982. Paths and categories, diss. MIT.
- Taraldsen, T. 1978. On the Nominative Island Condition, vacuous application and the that-trace filter, distributed by IULC.
|CAT||This article needs proper categorization. You can help Glottopedia by categorizing it|
Please do not remove this block until the problem is fixed.